Phrasal Verbs and Transitivity Phrasal verbs can also be classified as transitive or intransitive. Cindy has decided to give up sweets while she diets. I hope Cindy doesn’t give up. Give up is just one of many phrasal verbs that can be transitive or intransitive. Whether give up has an object or not will alter the meaning it conveys. The first sense of give up means “to forgo something,” whereas the second sense means “to stop trying.” If we refuse to learn about transitivity, the Grammar Police will blow up our building. When the Grammar Police confronted her about her verbs, she blew up. The first sense of to blow up means to explode, whereas the second sense […]
Transitive or Intransitive? Some Verbs Can Be Both Many verbs can be classified as both transitive and intransitive depending on how they are used in a sentence. Urged by the others, she sang. She sang the national anthem at the hockey game. After he cleaned up, he left. He left the gift on the table. To decide whether the verb is being used transitively or intransitively, all you need to do is determine whether the verb has an object. Does she sing something? Does he leave something? The verb is only transitive when the answer is yes. When in doubt, look it up. In the dictionary, verbs will be listed […]
How to Identify an Intransitive Verb An intransitive verb is the opposite of a transitive verb: it does not require an object to act upon. They jumped. The dog ran. She sang. A light was shining. None of these verbs require an object for the sentence to make sense, and all of them can end a sentence. Some imperative forms of verbs can even make comprehensible one-word sentences. Run! Sing! A number of English verbs can only be intransitive; that is, they will never make sense paired with an object. Two examples of intransitive-only verbs are arrive and die. You can’t arrive something, and you certainly can’t die something; it is impossible for an object to follow these verbs.
How to Identify a Transitive Verb Transitive verbs are not just verbs that can take an object; they demand objects. Without an object to affect, the sentence that a transitive verb inhabits will not seem complete. Please bring coffee. In this sentence, the verb bring is transitive; its object is coffee, the thing that is being brought. Without an object of some kind, this verb cannot function. Please bring. Bring what, or who? The question begs itself because the meaning of bring demands it. Here are some more examples of transitive verbs and their objects. The girls carry water to their village. Juan threw the ball. Could you phone the neighbors? I caught a cold. She loves rainbows. Lila conveyed […]
Create a good First Impression: When you meet people in business for the first time, you want to create a good first impression of both yourself and your company. How do you do this? By confidently telling them who you are, what your job is and what company you work for, of course! Paint a professional image: Your introduction is also an opportunity for you to paint a professional picture of yourself and your company. It’s the right time to lay the foundation for future business dealings and networking. Present you and your company in the best possible light: By making an introduction that makes you and your company look good, […]
The Trick to Telling the Difference: PART 2/3 The verb to be and all its forms (am, are, is, was, were) are the key to telling because of and due to apart. If a sentence has a version of to be, use due to. If it doesn’t, use because of. Here are some due to vs. because of example sentences: We fought because of our political differences. (Because of modifies the verb fought.)Our fight was due to our political differences. (Was due to modifies the noun fight.) Aunt Sheri won the poker championship because of her experience in Las Vegas. (Because of modifies the verb won.)Aunt Sheri’s poker victory was due to her experience in Las Vegas. (Was due to modifies the noun victory.) The financial crisis occurred because of risky mortgage practices. (Because of modifies the verb occurred.)The financial crisis was […]
What’s the Difference? PART 1 Both because of and due to are effective ways to link an event and the reasons for it. Their similar meanings make it seem like they can be used interchangeably. However, using one in place of the other is incorrect because they are not the same part of speech. Because Of: Adverb The word because is a subordinating conjunction. However, when combined with of, it becomes a preposition. It works as an adverbial prepositional phrase when used with other words to modify a verb. You can usually identify adverbs when they end in –ly. For example: I walked home happily. (The adverb happily modifies the verb walked.) Steve quickly rescheduled her meeting. (The adverb quickly modifies the verb rescheduled.) The boys argued angrily. (The adverb angrily modifies the verb argued.) Adverbial prepositional […]
Made from We often use made from when we talk about how something is manufactured: Made of Plastic is made from oil. The earliest canoes were made from tree trunks. We use made of when we talk about the basic material or qualities of something. It has a meaning similar to ‘composed of’: She wore a beautiful necklace made of silver. A:What’s this table made of? B:It’s oak, American white oak. A:It’s lovely. Made out of We usually use made out of when we talk about something that has been changed or transformed from one thing into another: In the 1970s, it was popular to have candle-holders made out of wine bottles. They were living in tents made out of old plastic sheets. Made with We use made […]
Point One: You can use both it and that to refer to things that have just been written or talked about. My wife made lasagna yesterday. It was delicious. My wife made lasagna yesterday. That was delicious. Grammatically, both it and that are used the same way. However, there is a difference in the meaning or nuance. It doesn’t have any particular or special nuance or emphasis. That is more emphatic and carries the nuance that the thing just mentioned is special or interesting. My wife made lasagna yesterday. It was delicious. It simply takes the place of the noun, lasagna, with no additional nuance. My wife made lasagna yesterday. That was delicious. That also takes the place of the noun, lasagna, but adds the nuance […]
Most of the time, people is the correct word to choose as a plural for person. Persons is archaic, and it is safe to avoid using it, except in legal writing, which has its own traditional language. Peoples is only necessary when you refer to distinct ethnic groups (for example, within the same region).